How to start cassava farming (Step by step guide to profit)

Cassava is profitable and one of the most planted cash crops in Africa, the reason for this is because of the vast ways it can be used for consumption, cookies, feeds and many more.

It is believed that cassava originated from Brazil and somehow finds its way to Nigeria and Africa, currently, Nigeria is the largest cassava growing nation in Africa.

Planting cassava has so many benefits, these includes its ability to be used as food both for human and feeds for animals, below is the list of some of the great benefits of planting cassava.

Benefit of planting Cassava

  1. Cassava serves as cash crop
  2. It can be used for consumption
    Tapioca
    Garri
    Alcoholic Beverages
    Bread
    Fufu
    Cakes
    cookies
    Cassava chips etc
  3. Diary and feeds

How to start cassava farming (Step by step guide to profit)

Step 1: Select suitable land for planting

To grow cassava, the very first step is the land to be used for the planting exercise, from frequent practices it shows the best type of soil for cassava planting is loamy soil with good soft texture with good drainage settings.

Step 2: Prepare land for planting

This phase has to do with the kind of land surface we planned to plant the cassava stems on, be it flat, ridges or heaps. Cassava will grow in any of the aforementioned land surfaces but it won’t yield more roots on a flat land.

In this step, it is also important to determine the spacing or interval in which each cassava stem will be planted, good spacing is advised.

It is also very important to determine if other crops will be planted within the cassava (mixed farming) environment so extra spacing can be observed while planting the cassava.

Another important point to consider here is the nutrient of the land to be used for the farming exercise, one can consider adding manure to the land so the plant can have good nutrient to give back to the cassava roots.

Step 3: Select the best specie of cassava

There are several species of cassava out there, one must try to pick or select the right one, each specie has its abilities and if not properly selected, one can face unwanted situations.

I won’t recommend any specie of cassava through this article, if you need you can contact me.

In choosing a good specie, a good specie must possess the following qualities

  1. Ability to grow fast
  2. Ability to withstand pests and diseases
  3. It must have long shelf life
  4. High starchy content.

Step 4: Planting

Planting time for cassava is around April-October and it is carried out early in the morning or evening so the sun and heat in the ground won’t affect the cassava stem.

Step 5: Weed control

Depending on your scale of farming you will need to deploy laborers or tractor to get rid of weeds which can hinder your cassava from having the freedom they seeks.

So be sure to get rid of the weeds early so your cassava can grow well and have big roots.

Step 6: Fertilization

Fertilization is another great way to improve our produce from cassava planting, you must be careful to apply the appropriate fertilizer in the right proportion so it won’t end up affecting your innocent cassavas.

Fertilization is applied 8 weeks after planting.

Step 7: Harvesting

The harvesting period for cassava is between 8-12 months after planting,

At this stage, the stems are cut down remaining some good length that can be held to uproot the cassava roots.

Step 8: Processing

This process depends on what we want the end products to be, having it in mind that cassava roots can be processed into so many edible foods, dairy products and even feeds for animals.

Cassava farming business plan

  1. One acre of farmland will approximately cost you N150,000-N250,000
  2. Preparation  of one acre of land N10,000- N30,000
  3. One liter of herbicide N1,000 (4.5 liters for 1 ha)
  4. Optimal number of cassava bundles -6—65 per hectare.
  5. Price of one stem –N300-N500 (I can help you supply cassava stems 08189060773)
  6. Wages of workers for planting of one hectare of N20,000 (N1,000 per day per worker)

The total is roughly N350,000 , you can see cassava farming is not that capital intensive but it’s is very profitable.

Di Farmer |   9 months ago

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