Tree crop farming system in Nigeria

There are many farming system such as crop farming system, irridation, tree crop farming but this article will be focused on tree crop farming system alone.

The tree crop farming system runs from Cote d’Ivoire to Ghana and from Nigeria and Cameroon to Gabon, with smaller pockets in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The backbone of the system is the production of industrial tree crops – notably cocoa, coffee, oil palm and rubber. Food crops are inter-planted between tree crops and are grown mainly for subsistence. Roots and tubers (cassava, cocoyam and yam) are the main staples; tree crops and off-farm activities are the main sources of cash.

Cocoa farming

Tree crop farming system in Nigeria

Cocoa farming is the best tree crop farming that present the highest chance of agribusiness, we all know what cocoa is used for, without cocoa there won’t be beverages on the shelf and painfully there won’t be any chocolate bars (it would have been boring planet for us).  Beverage making companies will go out of business if not for steady production of cocoa, another good part of cocoa is that, you only have to plant it once and it will serve you forever and you can even pass it down to the next generation.

Oil palm farming

Just like cocoa oil palm  farming takes time, first harvest can only be feasible in the 4th year, but be rest assured that you will make back whichever amount of capital invested with good interest, palm tree once planted will serve you for life just like the cocoa tree, research has shown that Malaysia as a country invested huge into oil palm farming and uses the proceedings to run her economy successfully till now.

feasible in the 4th year, but be rest assured that you will make back whichever amount of capital invested with good interest, palm tree once planted will serve you for life just like the cocoa tree, research has shown that Malaysia as a country invested huge into oil palm farming and uses the proceedings to run her economy successfully till now.

With all these good news about oil palm farming, any good farmer will like to invest into it and hold on tight for good returns, though it is capital intensive and requires large area of land for its farming, but it’s worth the resources as its farming has proven to be very profitable, take note that a farm can be make profit and still not profitable but this is not so in the case of oil palm farming.

Coffee farming

Depending on the variety, it will take approximately 3 to 4 years for the newly planted coffee trees to bear fruit. The fruit, called the coffee cherry, turns a bright, deep red when it is ripe and ready to be harvested. There is typically one major harvest a year.

Ethopia is generally considered to be the birth place of coffee as 90% of the coffee they produces is organic, coffee is widely consumed globally so you won’t have issues selling your produce at the market after harvest.

Rubber farming

Tree crop farming system in Nigeria

Basically rubber is an elastic gotten from latex of many tropical trees , the yielding period takes 6-7years , though it’s very profitable, one must consider some factors before going to it, these factors includes, farm land, time, suitable land for its cultivation, in Nigeria it is mostly planted in the following states Ogun, Ondo, Edo and Cross River and Delta so I will advice you do proper research before going into it.

Di Farmer |   1 year ago

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